New recording media not only changed the distribution and reception of music in the 20th century, but also the creative possibilities: Sounds could be recorded in different places indoors or outdoors, they could be copied, transformed, edited and rearranged. This led to collective working processes and artistic procedures that are reflected in today's digital practices. The project explores the creative use of the gramophone and tape in the history of music and technology. It analyses the use of new technologies in compositional work, but also considers accessibility, collective practices, technical conditions and theoretical concepts of man and machine. A case study examines new practices with tape in the early 1950s in the amateur scene, electroacoustic music and film production.